Journal of Applied Biosciences (J. Appl. Biosci.) [ISSN 1997 - 5902]
Volume 19: 1113 - 1130. Published July 7, 2009.
Nanoparticles fabrication using ambient biological resources
Shelly Sinha, Ieshita Pan, Pompee Chanda and Sukanta K Sen*
Microbiology Division, Department of Botany, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, 731 235, India
*Corresponding author email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Nanotechnology has recently emerged as an elementary division of science and technology that investigates and regulates the interaction at cell level between synthetic and biological materials with the help of nanoparticles. A wide range of nanophasic and nanostructured particles are being fabricated globally with the aim of developing clean, nontoxic and eco-friendly technologies. Use of ambient biological resources in this area of science is rapidly gaining importance owing to its growing success and simplicity. Currently, simple prokaryotes to complex eukaryotic organisms including higher angiospermic plants are used for the fabrication of NPs. Further studies are required on precise and specific analysis of nanoparticles’ production, including the nature and activity of diverse sizes of particles to optimize their production. This article presents a review of the ambient biological systems that may support and revolutionize the art of fabrication of nanoparticles and the development of an updated knowledge base.
Key words: Nanoscience, nanoparticle fabrication, nanotechnology, biosorption, bioreduction.
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